About Tennis

Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent or between 2 teams of 2 players each. Every player uses a tennis racket that is strung with cord to strike a hollow rubber ball covered with felt over or around a net and into the opponent's court. The object of the game is to maneuver the ball in such a way that the rival is not able to play a valid return. The player who is unable to return the ball will not gain a point, while the converse player will. Tennis is an Olympic game and is played at all state of society and at all ages. The sport can be played by everyone who can hold a racket, including wheelchair users. The modern Sport of tennis originated in Birmingham, England, in the late 19th century as lawn tennis. It had close connections both to various ground (lawn) games such as croquet and bowls as well as to the older racket sport today called real tennis. During most of the 19th century, in fact, the term tennis mention to real tennis, not lawn tennis: for example, in Disraeli's novel Sybil (1845) Lord Eugene De Vere publish that he will "go down to Hampton Court and play tennis.

Highest: International Tennis Federation
First Played: Between 1859 & 1865, Birmingham, UK 
Contact: No
Team Members: Singles or doubles
Mixed Gender: Yes, separate tours & mixed doubles
Type: Outdoor or indoor
Equipment: Tennis ball, tennis racket
Venue: tennis court
Glossary: Glossary of tennis
Country or Region: Worldwide
Olympic: part of the Summer Olympic from 1896-1924 Demonstration sport in the 1968 and 1984 Summer Olympics Part of Summer Olympic since 1988
Paralympic: Part of Summer Paralympic since 1992
Social Media: Twitter

History of tennis
The game that most community call tennis is the direct descendant of what is now known as real tennis or royal tennis (which continues to be played today as a separate sport with more complex rules). Most rules of the game generally known as tennis derive from it. It is feasible to see both sports as a change of the same game. The idea that tennis originated in the religion cloisters in northern France in the 12th century has been largely discredited, but it is correct that in the first few centuries in which it was played, the ball was then propelled with the palm of the hand; hence, the name jeu de paume (Game of the palm). It was not until the 16th century that rackets came into use, and the sport began to be called Tennis. It was popular in England and France, and Henry 8 of England was a big fan of the game, now referred to as real tennis.

Court
The neoteric Tennis court owes it's designed to Major Walter Clopton Wingfield. In 1 8 7 3, Wingfield patented a court much the same as the current one for his stick Tennis (sphairistike). This template was modified in 1 8 7 5 to the court design that exists today, with markings similar to Wingfield's version, but with the hourglass form of his court changed to a rectangle. Tennis is unusual in that it is played on a diversity of surfaces. Clay, Grass, and hardcourts of concrete or asphalt topped with acrylic are the most common. Occasionally carpet is used for indoor play, across hardwood flooring having been historically used. Synthetic turf courts can also be found.

Game Point
A game point happens in tennis whenever the player who is in the lead in the game needs only one much point to win the game. The technicality is extended to sets point, matches point, and even championships point. If the player who is s?rving has a score of 40-love, the player has a triple game point triple set point. As the player has 3 consecutive possibilities to win the game. Set points, game points, and match points are not a portion of official scoring and are not announced by the chair umpire in tournament play.

Breakpoint
A breakpoint happens if the receiver, not the server, has a possibility to win the game with the next point. Breakpoints are of special importance because serving is generally considered advantageous, with servers being prospective to win games in which they are serving. A receiver who has one score of 30–40 or advantage, and two scores of 15–40 or three score of love-40 consecutive possibility to win the game has break point, double break point or triple break point, respectively. If the grantee does, in fact, win their breakpoint, the game is awarded to the grantee, and the grantee is said to have converted their break point. If the grantee fails to win their breakpoint it is called a failure to convert.

women's National Teams
The Davis Cup, an annual competition among men's national teams, dates to 1900. The analogous competition for women's national teams, the Fed Cup, was founded as the Federation Cup in 1 9 6 3 to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the founding of the ITF (International Tennis Federation), also known as the ITF. Promoter C.C. Pyle created the first professional tennis tour in 1926, with a group of American and French tennis players playing spectacle matches to paying audiences. The most memorable of these early professionals were the American Vinnie Richards and the Frenchwoman Suzanne Lenglen. Every player turned pro he or she could not compete in the major (amateur) tournaments.

Rule variations
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From No advantage. Scoring method created by Jimmy Van Alen. The 1st player or two teams to win 4 points wins the game, regardless of whether the player or team is ahead by 2 points. When the game score reaches 3 points each, the receiver chooses which side of the court (Advantage court or deuce court) the service is to be delivered on the 7 and game-deciding point.

Pro Set
Instead of playing multiple sets, players may play 1 pro set. A pro set is 1st to 8 or 10 games by a margin of 2 games, instead of 1st to 6 games. A 12 point tie-break is usually played when the score is 8–8, 10–10. These are often played with no-ad scoring.

Match tie-break
This is sometimes played instead of a 3rd set. A match tie-break (Also called super tie-break) is played like a regular tie-break, but the winner must win 10 points instead of 7. Match Tie-Breaks are used in the Hop man Cup, Grand Slams (Excluding Wimbledon) and the Olympic Games for mixed doubles, on the ATP (Since 2006), WTA (since 2007) and ITF (Excluding 4 Grand Slam tournaments and the Davis Cup) tours for doubles and as a player's choice in USTA league play.

Fast4
Fast4 is a shortened format that offers a "1st" alternative, with 4 points, 4 games and 4 rules: there are no advantage scores, let's are played, tie-breakers apply at 3 games all and the 1st to 4 games wins the set.
however informal, tennis format is called Canadian doubles. This involves three players, with 1 person playing a 2 team. The 1 player gets to utilize the alleys normally reserved only for a 2 team. Conversely, the 2 team does not use the alleys when executing a shot. The scoring is the same as an adjustable game. This format is not approved by any official body.

Types of Match
Traditionally, tennis is played between 2 people in a singles match or 2 pairs in a doubles match.

Standard Types of Match
Singles involve 2 players competing against each other, usually 2 men or 2 women, although games between a man & a woman may be played on an informal basis or as exhibitions. Doubles is played by 2 teams of 2 players each, most often all-male and all-female. It utilizes a wider court than singles matches: it includes the area in the alley (Tramlines, in British terminology), whereas singles do not. The 2 players on the receiving side change positions after each point played (One at the net and the other near the baseline, preparing to return serve). While players r gradually less competitive in singles by their late 20th & early 30th, they can still continue competitively in doubles and mixed doubles (as instanced by Martina Navratilova and John McEnroe, who won doubles titles in their 40th).

Equipment

A tennis match is fixed of points, games, and sets. A set consists of a number of games (a minimum of 6), which in turn each consist of points. A set is won by the 1st side to win 6 games, with a margin of at least 2 games over the other side (e.g. 6–3 or 7–5). There is usually a tie-break if the set is tied at 6 games per player. A game is won when a player or a doubles team wins the majority of prescribed sets. Matches employ either a best-of-3 or best-of-5 set format. The best-of-5 set format is typically only played in the men's singles or doubles matches at Grand Slam and Davis Cup matches.