Association football, more commonly known as football/soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between 2 teams of 11th players. It is played by 2 5 0 million players in over 2 0 0 countries and dependencies, making it the worlds most popular sport. The game is played on a four-cornered field called a pitch with a goal at each end. Association football is one of a family of football codes, which emerged from various ball games played worldwide since oldness. The modern game traces its origins to 1 8 6 3 when the Laws of the Game were originally codified in England by The Football-Association. Players are not permitted to touch the ball with hands or arms while it is in play, except for the goalkeepers within the penalty area. Other players chiefly use their feet to strike or pass the ball, but may also use any other part of their body without the hands and the arms. The team that points most goals by the end of the match wins. If the score is level at the end of the game, various a draw is declared or the game goes into extra time or a penalty shootout depending on the format of the contest. Association football is governed internationally by the IFAF (International Federation of Association Football), FIFA French: Federation Internationale de Football Association), which organizes World Cups for both men and women every 4 years.
Established: In Oct 1863
Nicknames: FootballsoccerWorld Game, The Beautiful Game
First played: Mid-19th century England
President: Gianni Infantino
Senior Vice-President: Salman Bin Ibrahim Al-Khalifa
Purpose Sport governance
Headquarters: Zurich, Switzerland
Membership: 211 national associations
Official languages: English, French, German, Spanish
Team members: 11 per side (with goalkeeper)
Mixed gender: No, separate competitions
Type: Team sport, Ball sport
Equipment: Football or soccer ball
Venue: Football pitch, soccer pitch or simply pitch
Glossary: Glossary of association football
Olympic: Men's since-1900 and women's since-1996
Paralympic: since-2004 and since-1984
U.S. SOCCER FEDERATION
1801 S. Prairie Ave
Chicago, IL 60616
Phone: (312) 808-1300
Fax: (312) 808-1301
Association football, more generally known as football or soccer, can be marked to as far back as the Archaic period in China (Han dynasty). The modern game of association football originates from cuju, an archaic Chinese football game, as acknowledged by FIFA. The formation of The Football Association was later implemented in London, England in 1863 based on many efforts to proved the varying forms of the game. This allowed clubs to play each other without debate and which particularly banned handling of the ball (except by goalkeepers) and hacking during open field play. After the 5th meeting of the association, a schism emerged between association football and the rules played by the Rugby school, later to be called rugby football. At the time, football clubs had played by their own, separate codes and game day rules usually had to be agreed upon before a match could commence. For example, the Sheffield Rules that applied to most matches played in the Sheffield area were a various code. Football has been an Olympic sport ever since the 2nd modern Summer Olympic Games in 1 9 0 0.
Women's association football
Women s association football, also commonly known as women's football or women's soccer, is the most prominent team sports citation needed playing by women around the globe. It is played at the professional level in numerous countries ubique the world and 176 national teams participate in internationally. The history of women s football has seen major competitions being launched at both the national and international levels. Women s football has faced many struggles ubique its history. Although it's first golden age occurred in the UK in the early 1920s, when one match gained over 50,000 spectators, The Football Association initiated a ban in 1921 that disallowed women's football games from the fields used by its member clubs. The ban stayed in effect until July 1 9 7 1.
Squad Rules of Soccer (Football)
A match consists of 2, 45 minutes hemi with a 15 minute repose period in between. Each team can have a minimum off eleven players (With 1 goalkeeper who is the only player
allowed to handle the ball within the 18 yds box) and a least of seven players are needed to constitute a match.
There are 17th laws in the official Laws of the Game, each containing a collection of stipulation and guidelines. The same laws are designed to apply to all levels of soccer, although certain modifications for groups such as juniors, seniors, women and people with physical incapacity are permitted. The laws are often framed in broad terms, which allow flexibility in their application depends on the nature of the game. The Laws of the Game are expressed by FIFA but are maintained by the IFAB. In addition to the seventeen laws, numerous IFAB decisions and other directives contribute to the regulation of soccer.
Ball & Size
The ball is round with a periphery of between 68 and 70 centimeters (27 and 28), a weight in the range of 4 1 0 to 4 5 0 grams (14 to 16), and a pressure among 0.6 and 1.1 bars (8.5 and 15.6 pounds per rectangle inch) at sea level. In the past, the ball was made up of derm panels sewn together, with a latex bladder for pressurization but modern balls at all levels of the game are now artificial.
A football pitch (Also known as a football field/soccer field) is the playing surface for the game of federation football. Its amount and markings are defined by Law 1 of the Laws of the Game, The Field of Play. The surface can either be natural or spurious. Spurious surfaces must be green in color. The pitch is typically made of turf (grass) or artificial turf, although amateur and recreative teams often play on dirt fields. The length of the pitch, or ground, for international adult matches is in the range of 100–110 m (110–120 yds) and the width is in the range of 64–75 m (70–80 yds). Ground for non-international matches may be 90–120 m (100–130 yds) length and 45–90 m (50–100 yds) in width, provided that the pitch does not become square. In 2008, the IFAB initially approved a fixed size of 105 m (344 ft) long and 68 m (223 ft) wide as a standard pitch dimension for the international game, however, this decision was later put on hold and was never sincerely implemented.
The longer bounding lines are touchlines, while the shorter boundaries (on which the goals are placed) are goal lines. A rectangular goal is positioned at the center of each goal line. The inner edges of the plumb goal posts must be 24 feet (7.3 m) apart, and the lower edge of the aclinic crossbar supported by the goal posts must be 8 feet (2.4 m) above the ground. Nets are usually placed behind the goal but are not necessary by the Laws.
Yellow & Red Card
Players are admonished with a yellow card and cashiered from the game with a red card. These colors were first proposed at the 1 9 7 0 FIFA World Cup and used consistently since.