About Hockey

Hockey is a sport in which 2 teams play against each other by trying to maneuver a ball or a puck into the competitor's goal using a hockey stick. There are many forms of hockey such as bandy, field hockey, and ice hockey. In most of the world, hockey refers to land hockey, while in Canada, the United States, Finland, Sweden, Latvia, the Czech Republic, and Slovakia, hockey generally refers to ice hockey.

Hockey Rules (Basic)

National Hockey League Rules
The National Hockey rules are the rules prevailing the play of the National Hockey League.

Ice hockey rules
Hockey Ice rules define the parameters of the sport of ice hockey. The sport is ruled by several.

Hockey Board Rules
The Board Hockey Rules, which is a board under the Executive Board of the International.

Etymology
The first filed use of the word hockey is in the 1773 book Juvenile Sports and Pastimes, to Which are Prefixed, Memoirs of the Author: Including a New version of Infant Education by R. Johnson, whose chapter 11 was titled New Improvements on the Game of Hockey. The belief that hockey was mentioned in a 1363 proclamation by King Edward III of England is based on modern translations of the announcement, which was basically in Latin and explicitly prohibit the games "Pilam Manual, Padiham, & Bacularem: & ad Canibucam & Gallorum Pugnam". The English historian and biographer John Strype did not use the word "hockey" when he translated the proclamation in 1720, instead of translating "Canibucam" as "Cambuck"; this may have referred to either an early form of hockey or a game more like to golf or croquet. The word hockey itself is of unfamiliar origin. One supposition is that it is a derivative of hockey, a Middle French word for a shepherd's stave. The hunched or hooked ends of the sticks used for hockey would indeed have resembled these staves. Another guess derives from the acquainted use of cork bungs, in place of wooden balls to play the game. The stoppers came from cask containing "hock" ale, also called hockey.

Bandy
Bandy is played with a ball on a football pitch sized ice arena (bandy rink), generally outdoors, and with many rules similar to association football. It is played professionally in Russia and Sweden and is considered a national game in Russia. The sport is recognized by the I.O.C.; its international governing body is the F.I.B. Bandy has its roots in England in the 19th century, was basically named "hockey on the ice", & spread from England to other European countries around 1900; a similar Russian sport can also be ocular as an ancestor and in Russia, bandy is sometimes called "Russian hockey". Bandy World Championships have been played since 1957 & Women's Bandy World Championships since 2004.  

Field hockey
Field hockey is played on the pebble, natural grass, or sand-based or water-based artificial turf, with a small, hard ball approximately 73 mm (2.9 in) in diameter. The game is exoteric between both males and females in many parts of the world, particularly in Europe, Asia, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and Argentina. In most countries, the game is acted between single-sex sides, although they can be mixed sex. The governing body is the 126 member F.I.H. Men's field hockey has been played at each Summer Olympic Games since 1 9 0 8 except for 1912 and 1924, while women's field hockey has been played at the Summer Olympic Games since 1980. Modern field hockey sticks are constructed of a composite of wood, glass fiber or carbon fiber and are J. shaped, with a curved hook at the playing end, a flat surface on the playing side and a curved surface on the back side. All sticks are right-handed left-handed sticks are not approved.

Ice hockey
Team Members: 3 Forwards,
                        2 Defensemen,
                        1 Goaltender.
First played: 19th century Canada
Contact: Full contact
Olympic: 1920 summer, 1924 to present winter
Highest Governing Body: International Ice Hockey Federation
Venue: Hockey rink, and is sometimes played on a frozen lake

Ice hockey is played between two teams of skaters on a large flat area of ice, using a 3 in diameter (76.2 mm) vulcanized rubber discuss called a puck. This puck is often coagulated before high-level games to decrease the amount of bouncing and friction on the ice. The game is played all over N. America, Europe and to varying extents in more other countries around the world. It is the most popular sport in Finland, Canada, Latvia, the Czech Republic, and Slovakia. Ice hockey is the national sport of Latvia & the national winter sport of Canada. Ice hockey sticks are deep L shaped sticks made of wood, graphite, or composites with a slab at the bottom that can lie flat on the playing surface when the stick is held upright and can lawfully curve either path, for left/right-handed players.

Ice sled hockey
Ice sled hockey or para ice hockey is a form of ice hockey planned for players with physical disabilities affecting their lower bodies. Players sit on double-bladed sleds and use two sticks; each stick has a blade at one end and small picks at the other. Players use the sticks to pass, stickhandle and shoot the puck, and to propel their sleds. The rules are very analogous to I.I.H.F ice hockey rules. Canada is a recognized international leader in the development of sled hockey, and much of the equipment for the sport was first developed there, such as sled hockey sticks laminated with fiberglass, as well as aluminum shafts with hand-carved insert blades and special aluminum sleds with regulation skate blades.

Roller hockey
Inline hockey is a changing of roller hockey very analogous to ice hockey, from which it is derived. Inline hockey is played by 2 teams, consisting of 4 skaters and 1 goalie, on a dry rink divided into 2 halves by a center line, with one net at each end of the rink. The game is played in 3 15-minute periods with a variation of the ice hockey off-side rule. Icings are also called but are generally referred to as illicit clearing. The governing body is the I.I.H.F., as for ice hockey, but some leagues and competitions do not follow the I.I.H.F. regulations, in particular, USA Inline and Canada Inline.

Roller hockey 
Roller hockey, also known as quad hockey, international-style ball hockey, and Hoquei em Patins, is an overarching name for a roller sport that has existed since long before inline skates were discovered. This sport is played in over 60 countries & has a worldwide following. Roller hockey was a demonstration game at the 1 9 9 2 Barcelona Summer Olympics.

Equipment

    • Shoulder pads
      Jockstrap with cup pocket and protective cup
      Hockey stick
      Puck or ball