About Cricket

Cricket is a bat and ball game played among two teams of eleven players on a field at the center of which is a 20 meter (22-yds) pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising 2 bails balanced on 3 stumps. The batting side scores run by striking the ball bowled at the wicket with the bat, while the bowling and fielding side tries to prevent this and dismiss each player, so they are out. Means of dismission include being bowled when the ball touches the stumps and dislodges the bails, and by the fielding side catching the ball after it is touch by the bat, but before it hits the ground. When 10 players have been dismissed, the innings ends and the teams swap roles. The game is adjudicated by 2 umpires, aided by a 3rd umpire and match referee in international matches. They communicate with 2 off-field scorers who record the match's statistical information. There are various formats ranging from T-20, played over a few hours with both teams batting for a single inning of 20 overs, to Test matches, played over 5 days and unlimited overs and the teams each batting for two innings of unlimited range. Traditionally cricketers play in all white set. In addition to the basic set, some players wear defensive gear to prevent injury caused by the ball, which is a hard, solid spheroid made of shrunk leather with a slightly raised sewn seam enclosing a cork core which is layered with compactly wound string.

Founded: 15 June 1909
Chairperson: Shashank Manohar
Headquarters: Dubai, United Arab Emirates
CEO: Dave Richardson, Jun 28, 2012
Current champion: Sri Lanka
Social Media: Instagram, Facebook, Twitter

Laws and Gameplay
In cricket, the rules of the sports are specified in a code called. The Laws of Cricket (hereinafter called "the Laws") which has a worldwide remit. There are forty-two Laws (always written with a capital "L"). The earliest known version of the code was drafted in 1 7 4 4 and, since 1 7 8 8, it has been owned and maintained by its custodian, the Marylebone Cricket Club in London.

Playing Area
Cricket is a bat and ball game played on a cricket field among two teams of eleven players each. The field is generally circular or oval in shape and the edge of the playing area is marked by a boundary, which may be a railing, part of the stands, a string, a drawn line or a combination of these, the boundary must if possible be marked along its entire length. In the conjectural center of the field is a rectangular pitch on which a wooden goal called a wicket is sited at each end, the wickets are placed 22 yds (20 m) apart. The pitch is a flat surface three meters (9.8 ft) wide, with short grass that tends to be worn away as the game progresses. Each wicket is made of 3 wooden stumps topped by two bails.

Basic Gameplay (Bowler to Batsman)
During easy play, 13 players and 2 umpires are on the field. Two of the players are batsmen and the rest are all 11 members of the fielding team. The other 9 players in the batting team are off the field in the pavilion. The image with overlay beneath shows what is happening when a ball is being bowled and which of the personnel are on or close to the asphalt. The photo was taken during an international match among Australia and Sri Lanka, Muttiah Muralitharan of Sri Lanka is bowling to Australian batsman Gilchrist.

1 Umpire
2 Wicket
3 Non-striking batsman
4 Bowler
5 Ball
6 Pitch
7 Popping crease
8 Striking batsman
9 Wicket
10 Wicket-keeper
11 First slip
12 Return crease

Cricket Bat and Ball
A cricket bat is a specialized piece of ingredient used by batsmen in the sport of cricket to touch the ball, typically consisting of a cane handle linked to a flat fronted willow wood blade. The length of the bat may be no more than 38 inchs (965 mm) and the width no more than 4.25 inchs (108 mm). Its use is 1st mentioned in 1624. Since 1979, a rule alteration stipulated that bats can only be made from wood. The ball is a hard leather-seamed spheroid, with a periphery of 22.9 centimeters (9.0 in). The ball has a seam: 6 rows of stitches attaching the leather shell of the ball to the string and cork inside. The seam on a new ball is eminent and helps the bowler propel it in a low predictable manner. The quality of the ball deteriorates to a point where it is no longer enjoyable, and during the course of this deterioration its conduct in flight will change and can influence the outcome of the match. Players will, therefore, attempt to modify the ball's conduct by modifying its physical properties. Polishing the ball and wetting it with perspiration or saliva is legal, even when the polishing is deliberately done on the 1st side only to increase the ball's swing through the air, but the acts of rubbing another substance into the ball, scratching the surface or picking at the layer are illegal ball tampering.

Cricket Field Measurements

Below the table lists the ICC members and their national cricket boards.
                                                                                                                               Table-1
CountryGoverning BodyMember since
AfghanistanAfghanistan Cricket22 June 2017
AustraliaCricket Australia15 July 1909
BangladeshBangladesh Cricket Board26 June 2000
EnglandEngland Cricket Board15 July 1909
IndiaCricket in India31 May 1926
IrelandCricket Ireland22 June 2017
                                                                                                               Table-2
CountryGoverning BodyMember since
New ZealandNew Zealand Cricket31 May 1926
PakistanPakistan Cricket Board28 July 1953
South AfricaCricket South Africa15 July 1909
Sri LankaSri Lanka Cricket21 July 1981
West IndiesCricket West Indies31 May 1926
ZimbabweZimbabwe Cricket6 July 1992
Umpires
The ICC appoints international umpires and Match referees who officiate at all approved Test matches, One-Day Internationals, and T-20 Internationals. The ICC manage 3 panels of umpires namely the Elite Panel, the International Panel. As of April 2012, the Elite Panel includes twelve umpires. In theory, 2 umpires from the Elite Panel officiate at every Test match, while one Elite Panel umpire stands in ODI matches at one place with an umpire from the International Panel. In practice, members of the International Panel stand in irregular Test matches, as this is viewed as a good opportunity to see whether they can cope at the Test inches and whether they should be elevated to the Elite Panel. The Elite Panel are full-time employees of the ICC, although do still, very occasionally umpire 1st class cricket in their country of residence. The average, annual, officiating schedule for Elite Umpires is eight to ten Test matches and 10–15 ODIs, a potential on-field workload of 75 days plus travel and preparation time per year. The International Panel is made up of officials nominated from every of the ten Test playing cricket boards. The Panel Members officiate in One Day International (ODI) matches in their home country and aid the Elite Panel at peak times in the cricket calendar when they can be appointed to overseas ODI and Test matches. International Panel members also undertake overseas umpiring assignments such as the I.C.C Under 19 Cricket World Cup to improve their knowledge and understanding of overseas conditions and help them prepare for possible promotion onto the Elite Panel. Some of these umpires also officiate in the World Cup (Cricket). Each of the Test cricket boards nominates a 3rd umpire who can be called upon to review certain on-field decisions through instant television replays. All 3rd umpires are 1st class umpires in their own county, and the role is seen as a step onto the International Panel, and then the Elite Panel.

Tournaments
The ICC organizes a various international 1st class, one-day and T-20 cricket competitions

Men
The ICC has instituted the ICC Awards to recognize and honor the best international cricket players of the previous full year. The inaugural ICC Awards ceremony was held on 7th Sept 2004, in London. The ICC Player Rankings are widely followed by rankings for international cricketers based on their current performances. The current sponsor is MRF Tyres who signed a 4 years deal with the ICC that will last until 2 0 2 0.

Women's cricket
Mithali Raj citizen of India is the only player to surpass the six thousand run mark in Women's One-Day International cricket.
Women's cricket was 1st recorded in Surrey in 1745. International development began at the beginning of the 20th century and the 1st Test Match was played among Australia and England in December 1934. The following year, New Zealand women associated them, and in 2007 Netherlands women became the 10th women's Test nation when they built their debut against South Africa women. In 1958, the International Women's Cricket Council was founded 2005. The 1st Cricket World Cup of any kind took place when a Women's World Cup was England held in 1973. The International Women's Cricket Council was merged with the International Cricket Council to form one unified body to help manage and develop cricket In 2005. The ICC Women's Rankings were launched on 1 Oct. 2015 covering all 3 formats of women's cricket. In Oct. 2018 following the ICC's decision to award T-20 International status to all members, the Women's rankings were split into separate ODI and T-20 international lists.

Prize breakdown for ICC World Cup
Winner: US$ 3,750,000
Runners-up: US$ 1,750,000
Losing semi-finalists two: US$ 600,000
Losing quarter-finalists four: US$ 600,000
Winner of each group: US$ 45,000 X 42
Eliminated after group stage: US$ 35,000 X 6
TOTAL: US$ 10,000,000
In the 2015 ICC World Cup; Australia, the title winner, won the prize money of $3,975,000. While New Zealand as Runners-up won $1,750,000.

Two different types of cricket balls, both are the same size

1. A used white ball. White balls are originally used in limited overs cricket, especially in matches played at night, under floodlights left.
2. A used red ball. Red balls are used in Test cricket and 1st class cricket and some other forms of cricket right.