Boxing is a combat sport in which 2 players, usually wearing protective gloves, throw punches at each other for a predetermined amount of time in a boxing ring. Amateur boxing is both an Olympic and Commonwealth Games sport and is a general fixture in most International games it also has its own World Championships. Boxing is overseen by a referee over a series of one to 3-minutes intervals called rounds. The result is decided when an opponent is deemed incapable to continue by a referee, be disqualified for breaking a rule, or resigns by throwing in a serviette. If a fight completes all of its allocated rounds, the conqueror is determined by judges' scorecards at the end of the contest. In the event that both fighters gain equal scores from the judges, professional turn are considered a draw. In Olympic boxing, because a winner must be revealed, judges award the content to one fighter on technical criteria.
While humans have fought in hand-to-hand battle since the dawn of human history, the earliest proof of fist-fighting sporting contests dates back to the ancient Middle East in the 3rd and 2nd millennia B.C. The earliest evidence of boxing rules dates back to Ancient Greece, where boxing was established as an Olympic game in 688 B.C. Boxing evolved from 16th and 18th-century prizefights, largely in Great Britain, to the harbinger of modern boxing in the mid 19th century with the 1867 introduction of the Marquess of Queensberry Rules.
Two Royal Navy men boxing for charity. The modern sport was classified in England
Focus: Punching, striking
Country of origin: Prehistoric
Parenthood: Bare-knuckle boxing
Olympic sport: 688 BC, 1904 (modern)
The Marquess of Queensberry rules has been the general rules governing modern boxing since their publication in 1867. A boxing match typically consists of a definite number of three-minute rounds, a total of up to 9 to 12 rounds. A minute is typically spent between each round with the boxer in their assigned corners receiving advice and attention from their coach and staff. The fight is controlled by a judge who works within the ring to judge and control the conduct of the fighters, rule on their ability to fight safely, count knocked-down fighters, and rule on fouls. Up to 3 judges are typically present at ringside to score the bout and assign points to the boxers, based on punches and jostle that connect, defense, knockdowns, hugging and other, more subjective, measures. Because of the open-ended style of boxing judging, many fights have impugnable results, in which one or both fighters believe they have been "robbed" or unfairly denied a victory. Each fighter has an assigned corner of the ring, where his or her coach, as well as one or more "seconds" may govern to the fighter at the beginning of the fight and between rounds. Each boxer enters into the ring from their assigned corners at the beginning of each round and must cease fighting and return to their turning point at the signaled end of each period.
Unheard of in the modern period, but common during the early 20th Century in North America, a newspaper decision (NWS) might be made after a no-decision bout had ended. A "no decision" bout occurred when, by law or by pre-arrangement of the boxers, if both boxers were still standing at the fight's fullness and there was no knock-out, no official decision was rendered and neither boxer was declared the victor. But this did not prevent the pond of ringside newspaper reporters from declaring a unanimousness result among themselves and printing a newspaper decision in their publications. Officially, however, a "no decision" occasion resulted in neither boxer winning or losing. Boxing historians sometimes use these unofficial newspaper decisions in compiling fight records for expository purposes only. Often, media duct covering a match will personally score the match, and post their scores as an independent sentence in their report.
Boxing has two Types of cases. They are Amateur boxing & Professional boxing.
Nicola Adams is the first female boxer who win an Olympic gold medal. Here with Mary Kom of India.
Amateur boxing may be found at the collegiate level, at the Olympic Games and Commonwealth Games, and in many other venues authorized by Amateur boxing associations. Amateur boxing has a scoring system that measures the number of clean blows landed rather than physical damage. Bouts consist of 3n rounds of 3 minutes in the Olympic and Commonwealth Games, and 3 rounds of 3 minutes in a national ABA (Amateur Boxing Association) bout, each with a one-minute end between rounds.
Professional bouts are generally much longer than amateur bouts, typically ranging from 10 to 12 rounds, though 4 round fights are common for less experienced fighters. There are also some 2 & 3 round professional bouts, especially in Australia. Through the early 20 century, it was common for fights to have unlimited rounds, ending only when one fighter quit, benefiting high-energy fighters like Jack Dempsey. 15 rounds remained the internationally recognized limit for championship fights for most of the 20th century until the early 1980s when the death of boxer Kim Duk-Koo eventually prompted the World Boxing Council and other organizations sanctioning professional boxing to reduce the limit to 12 rounds.
The style is often defined as the strategic refuge a boxer takes during a bout. No 2 fighters' styles are alike, as each is determined by that individual's physical and mental attributes. Three main styles exist in boxing: Outside fighter, Brawler slugger, & Inside fighter. These styles may be separated into several special subgroups, such as counter puncher, etc. The major philosophy of the styles is, that each style has an advantage over one, but disadvantage over the other one.
A classic out-fighter or seeks to maintain a distance between himself and his opponent, fighting with faster, longer range punches, most notably the jab, and gradually wearing his opponent down. Due to this reliance on weaker punches, out-fighters tend to win by point decisions rather than by knock-out, during some out-fighters have notable knock-out records.
A boxer-puncher is a well-rounded boxer who is capable to fight at close range with a combination of technique and power, often with the ability to knock opponents out with a combination and in some vindication a single shot.
Counter punchers are slippery, defensive style fighters who often rely on their opponent's mistakes in order to gain the advantage, whether it be on the scorecards or more preferably a knock-out. They use their well-rounded defense to avoid shots and then immediately catch the opponent off guard with a well placed and timed punch.
A brawler is a fighter who commonly lacks finesse and footwork in the ring but makes up for it through sheer punching power. Their slowness and predictable punching pattern often leave them open to counter punches, so successful brawlers must be able to absorb substantial amounts of punishment. However, not all slugger fighters are not mobile, some can move around and switch styles if needed but still have the slugger style such as Wilfredo Gomez, Prince Naseem Hamed, and Danny Garcia.
In pressure fighters attempt to stay close to an opponent, throwing intense flurries and combinations of hooks and uppercuts. A successful in-fighter often needs a good chin because swarming usually involves being hit with more jabs before they can maneuver inside where they are more effective. In-fighters operate best at close range because they are usually shorter and have less reach than their opponents and thus are more effective at a short distance where the long arms of their opponents make punching awkward. However, several fighters tall for their division have been comparatively adept at in-fighting as well as out-fighting.
Since boxing involves forceful, precautions must be taken to prevent damage to bones in the hand. Gloves have been needful in competition since the late 19th century, though modern boxing gloves are much heavier than those worn by early twentieth-century fighters. Prior to about, both boxers agree upon the weight of gloves to be used in the bout, with the understanding that lighter gloves allow heavy punchers to inflict more damage. The brand of gloves can also affect the impact of punches, so this too is usually stipulated before about.