About Basketball

Basketball is a team sport in which 2 teams, most commonly of 5 players each, opposing 1 another on a rectangular court, compete with the primary objective of shooting a basketball through the defender's hoop while restraining the opposing team from shooting through their own hoop. A field goal is worth 2 points unless made from behind the 3-point line when it is worth 3. After a foul, timed play stops & the player fouled or designated to shoot a technical foul is given one or more 1-point free throws. The team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but if regulation play expires with the score tied, an extra period of play (overtime) is mandated. The five players on each side at a time fall into 5 positions player positions: the tallest player is usually the center, the tallest and strongest is the power forward, a slightly shorter but more agile big man is the small forward, & the shortest players or the best ball handlers are the shooting guard & the point guard, who equipments the coach's game plan by managing the execution of offensive & defensive plays (player positioning). Informally, players may play 3-on-3, 2-on-2, and 1-on-1.

Established: 6 June 1946, New York City, United States
Highest: FIBA
First played: 21 Dec 1891, 127 years ago. Springfield, Massachusetts, U.S.
Contact: Ltd.
Team members: five per side
Mixed gender: Yes (separate competitions)
Type: Indoor & Outdoor
Equipment: Basketball/NBA
Venue: Indoor court (mainly) & outdoor court (Streetball)
Glossary: Glossary of basketball
Country or Region: Worldwide
Olympic Demonstrated: 1904, and 1924 Summer Olympics Part of the Summer Olympic since 1936
Paralympic: Yes
Social Media: Twitter, Instagram, Facebook

The history of basketball
The history of basketball began with its invention in 1 8 9 1 in Springfield, Massachusetts by Canadian physical education instructor James Naismith as a less injury-prone sport than football. The game became established fairly quickly & grew very popular as the 20th century progressed, 1st in America & then throughout the world. After basketball became established in USA colleges, the professional game followed. The American National Basketball Association (NBA), established in 1 9 4 6, grew to a multibillion-dollar enterprise by the end of the century, & basketball became an integral part of American culture.

Early history
The game of basketball as it is known today was built by Dr. James Naismith on December 1 8 9 1 in Springfield, Massachusetts, to condition young athletes during cold months. It consisted of peach scuttle & a soccer-style ball. He published 13 rules for the new game. He divided his class of eighteen into 2 teams of 9 players each and set about to teach them the basics of his new game. The intention of the game was to throw the basketball into the fruit baskets nailed to the lower railing of the gym balcony. Every time a point was scored, the game was halted so the janitor could bring out a ladder & retrieve the ball. After a while, the bottoms of the fruit scuttle were removed. The 1st public basketball game was played in Springfield, Massachusetts, on  11 March 1 8 9 2.

Rules for the offense
Basketball team on iniquity is the team with the basketball. When a player has the basketball 3 are certain rules they must follow:
1) The player must bounce/dribble, the ball with 1 hand while moving both feet. If at any time, both hands touch the ball or the player stops dribbling, the player must only move 1 foot. The foot that is stagnant is called the pivot foot.
2) The basketball player can only take 1 turn at dribbling. In other words, once a player has closed dribbling they cannot start another dribble. A player who starts dribbling again is called for a double-dribbling violation & loses the basketball to the other team. A player can only start another dribble then another player from either team touches or gains control of the ball. This is usually after a shot or pass.
3) The ball must stay in bounds. If the offensive team miss out the ball out of bounds the other team gets control of the ball.
4) The player's hand must be on top of the ball while dribbling. If they touch the bottom of the NBL while dribbling & continue to dribble this is called carrying the ball and the player will lose the ball to the other team.
5) Once the invective team crosses half court, they may not go back into the backcourt. This is called a backcourt violation. If the protective team knocks the ball into the backcourt, then the offensive team can recover the ball legally.

Defensive Rules
The team on defense is the group without the basketball.
1) The main rule for the defensive player is not too obscene. An obscene is described as gaining an unfair advantage through physical contact. There is some description that has to be made by the referee, but in general, the defensive player may not touch the undesirable player in a way that causes the undesirable player to lose the ball or miss a shot. 

Rules for everyone
1) Though the dirty rule is described above as a defensive rule, it applies just the same to all players on the court including offensive players.
2) Basketball players cannot kick the ball/hit it with their handful.
3) No player can touch the basketball while it is traveling down towards the basket or if it is on the rim. This is called goaltending. 
All player on the court is subject to the similar rules regardless of the position they play. The positions in basketball are just for group basketball strategy & there are no positions in the rules.

Equipment
The only essential equipment in a basketball sport is the ball and the court: a flat, rectangular back with baskets at the opposite finish. Competitive balance requires the use of more materials such as clocks, score sheets, scoreboard, alternating possession arrows, & whistle operated stop clock systems. An outdoor basketball net. A regulation basketball court in international games is 91.9 feet (28.0 meters) deep and 49.2 feet (15 meters) wide. In the N.B.A and N.C.A.A the court is 9 4 by 5 0 feet (29 by 15 meters). Most courts have wood flooring, generally built from absinthe planks running in the same direction as the longer court dimension. The name & logo of the home team is generally painted on or around the center circle. The basket is a steel rim 18 inc. (46 cm) diameter with an attached net fastened to a backboard that measures 6 by 3.5 feet (1.8 by 1.1 meters) & 1 basket is at each end of the court. The white outlined box on the backboard is 18 inc (46 cm) high & 2 feet (61 cm) wide. At almost all period of competition, the top of the rim is exactly 10 feet (3.05 meters) above the court & 4 feet (1.22 meters) inside the baseline. While changing is possible in the balance of the court and backboard, it is deliberated important for the basket to be of the correct height a rim that is off by just a few inc can have an adverse effect on shooting.

The size of the basketball is also systematic. For men, the official ball is 29.5 inc (75 cm) in the periphery (size 7, or a "295 ball") and weighs 22 oz (623.69 grams). If women are playing, the official basketball size is 28.5 inc (72 cm) in the periphery (size 6, or a "285 ball") with a weight of 20 oz (567 grams). In 3 x 3, a formalized version of the half court 3 on 3 games, a dedicated ball with the circumference of a size 6 ball but the weight of a shaped 7 ball is used in all competitions.

Positions
Though the rules do not specify any positions whatsoever, they have resulted as part of basketball. During the short years of basketball's evolution, 2 guards, 2 forwards, and 1 center were used. In more than recent times specific positions resulted, but the current tendency, advocated by many top coaches including Mike Krzyzewski is towards positionless basketball, where huge guys are free to shoot from remote & dribble if their skill allows it. Popular statement of positions.